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Understanding why and how often a woman should have a PAP

Understanding why and how often a woman should have a PAP by Caroline Garrett For most women, as long as we can remember, we have been advised to get an annual PAP smear. However, do most of us know the answer to common questions such as, what actually is a PAP smear, what does is test for and how often should it be done? A papanicolaou test, often abbreviated PAP, is a screening test for precancerous and cancerous cells in the cervix. Most types, approximately 99.7%, of cervical cancers are caused by a virus known as human papilloma virus (HPV) and are not thought to be hereditary. Human papilloma virus is transmitted through sexual contact, thus most of the sexually active population will come in contact with HPV at some point…
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WAKE UP!!

WAKE UP!! by Dr. Monika Yadav With the holidays just around the corner, I felt moved to write about an issue that is not primarily medical, but is just as important as any illness.  I am 45 years old and have had the distinct pleasure growing up in 2 very different eras: OLD SCHOOL and MODERN TECHNOLOGY.  So, I'm a half-breed of sorts.... Before the advent of computers and the internet, there were typewriters and the local library.  Immediate information was not right at my fingertips.  Most of the times it would take days to find an answer that SIRI could spew out within seconds.  It seems that cyberspace connects us to the worlds unknown as we disconnect from the local towns in which we were born. "Be aware of…
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Optimum Testosterone levels in Men

Optimum Testosterone levels in Men by Dr. Nasir Asghar Testosterone is the primary sex hormone in the male and has multi-function purposes. Its levels are 7-8 times greater in men as compared to females. The healthy range of testosterone in the male is between 400-600 ng/dl. Testosterone hormones function in the adult male to regulate muscle mass, fat distribution, sperm production, mood/behavior and production of red blood cells. Decreased testosterone in the male can subsequently lead to irritability, low libido, and decrease muscle mass and increase fat distribution. Conversely, high levels of testosterone can lead to aggressive behavior, increase red blood cells, increased male pattern baldness, acne and increased risk of blood clots and worsening of sleep apnea. Sources of Testosterone deficiency in men range from increasing age, pituitary tumor,…
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INSOMNIA – healthy bedtime routine

INSOMNIA - healthy bedtime routine. by Caroline Garrett According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 30 percent of the population suffers from some form of insomnia. INSOMNIA can be defined as difficulty falling and/or staying asleep, waking too early, or feeling unrested after sleep. Insomnia can lead to fatigue, low mood, difficulty concentrating and can disrupt school or work performance. Acute insomnia usually occurs in correlation to a specific circumstance such as stress about a test, work presentation or other temporary life stressors. This type of insomnia is usually short lived and resolves without any treatment. Chronic insomnia is defined as a disrupted sleep pattern for at least three nights a week and lasts three or more months. The most common reasons a person may suffer from chronic insomnia include…
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Sunshine in a Bottle – favorite vitamin

Sunshine in a Bottle Dr. Kumi Swart   I know I should not play favorites, but if I had to pick a favorite vitamin, it would be vitamin D. My love for that vitamin has grown over the last nine years, probably starting around the time my own physician discovered that I was deficient in it and that my bones were unusually thin for my age.  About a year or two after that discovery, I heard colleagues touting the power of vitamin D in the prevention of illness and I decided to do a little research. What I already knew about vitamin D, I learned in medical school.  Vitamin D is not a true vitamin, it’s a hormone that has an important role in the body’s ability to absorb and…
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